What is the treatment for low hemoglobin?
Low hemoglobin causes and treatment :
Low hemoglobin causes and treatment are discussed here in this article.Hemoglobin is a protein found in red blood cells, which gives it a red color, in addition to being responsible for transporting oxygen from the lungs to the rest of the body, and transferring carbon dioxide out from the cells to the lungs, to be expelled with exhalation. Its low level leads to anemia, which causes symptoms such as fatigue and breathing disorder. In men, hemoglobin levels are naturally between 14 and 17.5 g / dl, and women have between 12.3 and 15.3 g / dl. According to the Mayo Clinic Foundation definition, a low hemoglobin level is less than 13.5 g / dl in men and 12 g / dl in women. The decrease may occur for several reasons, including:
- Iron deficiency anemia.
- Liver disease.
- Urinary tract infections.
The level of hemoglobin in some people decreases naturally without a causative agent, and its level may decrease in some without any symptoms.
If red blood cell production is affected as a result of a medical condition, hemoglobin levels may decrease, and a low red blood cell count and low hemoglobin levels may lead to anemia.
Your doctor may order a blood test to check your hemoglobin level, and the type and number of blood tests required depend on the suspected anemia pattern.
It is a blood defect that occurs due to an insufficient amount of hemoglobin in the blood. It has several patterns, and the health problems causing it range from simple to severe. It may be caused by one of the following factors:
- The body’s inability to produce enough hemoglobin.
- Hemoglobin is unable to function.
- The body’s inability to produce enough red blood cells.
- Red blood cells disintegrate quickly.
Causes of anemia:
Iron plays a key role in the production of hemoglobin, as it binds to a protein called transferrin, which transports it throughout the body, helping to manufacture red blood cells. Not getting enough iron causes its level in the body to decrease, which is the most common cause of anemia, and the condition is known as iron deficiency anemia. The following factors may reduce the body’s iron stores:
- Blood loss due to ulcers, trauma or trauma, and some types of cancer, in addition to the menstrual cycle.
- Iron deficiency in food.
- Increased body’s need for iron, as in pregnancy.
Iron deficiency anemia may develop in anyone, but the following groups of people are most vulnerable:
- Women, due to blood loss during the menstrual cycle and childbirth.
- The elderly (over 65 years old), because they are more vulnerable to iron deficiency in food.
- Patients who take anticoagulants, such as aspirin, plavix, coumadin or heparin.
- People with kidney failure (especially those in need of dialysis), due to a defect in the manufacture of their red blood cells.
- Those who have problems absorbing iron.
In addition to iron, the body uses folate (and vitamin B) to produce heme, the part that contains hemoglobin in red blood cells. If folate levels are insufficient, red blood cells cannot mature, which leads to anemia caused by a folate deficiency, and a decrease Hemoglobin levels.
Common symptoms of different types of anemia include:
- Feeling tired.
- Breathing disorders.
- Head pain.
- feeling cold.
- Pale skin.
The doctor initially works to discover the factor that causes anemia, such as if the food diet is not appropriate, or there is a more serious health problem, and thus anemia can be treated by treating the factor that causes it.
Iron deficiency anemia is treated with an increased iron intake of the patient, either by taking it as a dietary supplement or by eating iron-rich foods, which is the first step to treat the patient with a low hemoglobin level.
Iron is found in animal sources of food (meat and fish), and vegetarian (vegetables and iron-fortified foods such as breakfast cereals), and the following items are specifically from iron-rich sources:
- Meat of the liver and organs.
- Beef liver.
- Turkeys thigh.
- Mutton stalk.
- Beans and lentils.
- Cooked potatoes.
- Whole wheat bread.
- Iron-fortified cereals and bread.
- Peanut Butter.
- Brown rice.
- Iron raisins bran.
Patients may need to take iron supplements orally to increase hemoglobin level. However, large amounts of iron may cause iron hoarding or hemochromatosis, which may lead to liver diseases such as cirrhosis, as well as other side effects such as constipation, vomiting, and nausea, so you should see a doctor to determine the safe dose.
It is recommended that the daily iron dose be at least 8 mg daily for men, 18 mg for women, and 27 mg if pregnant.
Depending on the condition causing the hemoglobin decrease, the patient should notice an improvement in their iron level approximately one to one month.
Iron supplements should be kept out of children’s reach, and if a child needs them, be sure to choose safe supplements, because the blood volume in children is lower than in adults, which makes them more vulnerable to iron poisoning. The doctor should be contacted immediately if the child accidentally ingested iron tablets.
Given the importance of folate for the maturation of red blood cells, care should be taken to eat foods rich in folate to maintain the level of hemoglobin, including:
- the rice.
Increased iron absorption:
With the increased intake of iron, whether through food or supplements, it must be checked that the body can absorb it. As some factors may increase or decrease the absorption of iron.
Habits that increase iron absorption:
Foods or supplements rich in vitamin C must be taken with foods rich in iron or iron supplements, as vitamin C helps increase the absorption of iron. It is helpful to squeeze a little fresh lemon over iron-rich foods to increase its absorption.
Foods rich in vitamin C include:
- the strawberry.
- Dark-leafed vegetables.
Vitamin A and beta-carotene also help increase iron absorption. Vitamin A can be obtained from animal sources, such as fish and liver. Beta-carotene is often found in red, yellow and orange fruits, in addition to some vegetables such as:
- Winter squash.
- sweet potato.
You can take vitamin A supplements, while adhering to the safe dose, according to the doctor’s instructions, as excessive amounts may lead to a serious condition called hypervitamin A.
Habits that reduce iron absorption:
Calcium, whether it comes from food or supplements, may hinder iron absorption, so you should avoid taking calcium supplements or foods rich in it with iron supplements.
Calcium rich foods:
- Dairy products.
- The fig.
Phytic acid may also reduce iron absorption, especially for vegetarians, but it only affects meal time. Avoid eating foods rich in iron. Foods rich in phytic acid include:
- Brazilian hazelnut.
Calcium or phytic acid should not be completely excluded from the diet as it is an essential nutrient.
When should I see a doctor?
In some cases, a diet or supplement may not be enough to treat a low hemoglobin level, so you should contact your doctor when observing any of the following symptoms while trying to raise the level of hemoglobin:
- Pale skin or gums.
- Fatigue and muscle fatigue.
- Accelerated or irregular heartbeat.
- Feeling of recurrent headache.
- Frequent or unexplained bruising.
Several measures can be taken to raise the level of hemoglobin, by changing the diet or taking supplements, and in the meantime, you should contact the doctor constantly.
Patients may need additional treatment such as iron transport, especially in pregnancy or chronic health conditions.
The hemoglobin level rises after a few weeks to about a year, depending on the causative factor and the change the patient has made.
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