Importance of Biochemistry

Why is soap effective against coronavirus?

Soap Vs Coronavirus?

 

Why is soap effective against Coronavirus?

Soap Vs Coronavirus :

soap vs coronavirus
soap vs coronavirus

Soap Vs Coronavirus epidemic is listed here briefly in this article by which you can understand that how soap is effective against Coronavirus.

With the Covid-19 epidemic spreading, rules to limit its spread have been published by the WHO and Public Health France.

Among these, hand washing is surely the simplest but also the most effective. Here’s how the soap eliminates the virus.

SARS-COV-2 pandemic:

should we worry?   Sanitary measures are taken by all European governments to limit the spread of the virus. Should we be worried about the current pandemic?

Since the start of the coronavirus epidemic , the first hygiene measure recommended is to wash your hands regularly with soap and water.

The exertion of Coronavirus from the body :

The coronavirus is excreted from the body by microdroplets containing virions infectious during a sneeze or cough. If, by reflex, we put our hand in front of our mouth, it is also contaminated and contaminating!

Telephone, door handle , and especially the hand of a loved one, everything we touch can then be contaminated and participate in the spread of the disease . But does something as simple as washing your hands thoroughly and regularly effectively limit its spread? The answer is yes, this is how it works.

How soap neutralizes viruses?

The soap is obtained from a mixture of fatty acid and a strong base ( sodium or potassium hydroxide ).

The molecules composing it are amphiphilic and their structure can be compared to that of a pin. The head of the pin is hydrophilic while the stem is composed of a long chain of hydrophobic fatty acid .

The envelope of some viruses  resembles these micelles. The enveloped viruses borrow a piece of membrane from the infected cells, which also consists of phospholipids , amphiphiles, in addition to other viral proteins , notably those necessary for infection (protein S).

The coronavirus, but also influenza viruses , HIV , and others, have a lipid envelope. There are also enveloped viruses known as naked viruses.

In water, amphiphilic molecules can remain free or form micelles, a kind of bubble where amphiphilic molecules are organized so that their hydrophilic head is in contact with water and the hydrophobic tails in the middle.

When we wash our hands:

When we wash our hands, the hydrophobic tail of the free molecules of soap tries to avoid water, it then fixes on the lipid envelope of viruses and disorganizes it. A virus enveloped without a functional lipid envelope is no longer infectious.

The soap also makes it possible to break:

The soap also makes it possible to break the non-covalent chemical bonds (hydrophobic bonds and hydrogen bonds ) which allow microorganisms to remain attached to surfaces . Micelles can surround a membrane debris and take it with them into the water when rinsing.

The coronavirus can be summarized as follows, a genome surrounded by a lipid membrane also containing proteins. The soap molecules look like little pins with a hydrophilic head and a hydrophobic tail. By attaching to the lipid membrane of the virus, the soap molecules disorganize it. The soap molecules organized in micelles surround the debris which will be removed during rinsing. © Jonathan Corum and Ferris Jabr, The New-York Times
why is soap efffective against coronavirus?

The right steps to wash your hands effectively:

For this to be effective, you must follow a few rules issued by the World Health Organization:

  • wet your hands completely;
  • soap your hands for at least thirty seconds;
  • remember to rub the palms of the hands to the wrist, between the fingers and the nails ;
  • rinse;
  • dry hands with a clean towel or disposable;
  • close the tap with a towel.

Ideally, hands should be washed after frequenting a collective place, after being in contact with a sick person or a potentially contaminated surface, before and after eating.

The alcoholic solutions can be used:

The alcoholic solutions can be used to troubleshoot in transport or when soap is not available. They contain alcohol and have an effect similar to soap, but are not as effective. They disinfect but do not clean the hands. In addition, some have antibacterial agents that have no effect on viruses.

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