Basic chemistry

How to identify Strong weak and non electrolytes?

Strong weak and non electrolytes?

How to identify Strong, weak and non-electrolytes?

Strong weak and non electrolytes First we have to study about electrolytes Electrolytes are chemicals that break down into ions in the water. Aqueous solutions containing electrolytes conduct electricity.

Strong electrolytes

Sulfuric acid is a strong electrolyte.Strong weak and non electrolytes
Sulfuric acid is a powerful electrolyte. 

The strong electrolytes include acids strong , strong bases and salts. These chemicals dissociate completely in ions in an aqueous solution.

Molecular examples

  • HCl – hydrochloric acid
  • HBr – hydrobromic acid
  • HI – hydroiodic acid
  • NaOH – hydroxyde de sodium
  • Sr (OH) 2 – strontium hydroxide
  • NaCl – sodium chloride

Weak  electrolytes

Ammonia is a weak electrolyte.Strong weak and non electrolytes
Ammonia is a weak electrolyte. Ben Mills

The weak electrolytes break only partially in the ions in the water. The weak electrolytes include weak acids, weak bases and a variety of other compounds. Most nitrogen-containing compounds are weak electrolytes.

Molecular examples

  • HF – hydrofluoric acid
  • CH 3 CO 2 H – acetic acid
  • NH 3 – ammoniac
  • 2 O – water (dissociates weakly in itself)

Non-électrolytes

Glucose molecule Example of non electrolytes
Glucose is a non-electrolyte. 

Non-electrolytes do not break into ions in the water. Common examples include most carbon compounds , such as sugars, fats and alcohols.

Molecular examples

  • CH 3 OH – methyl alcohol
  • 2 H 5 OH – ethyl alcohol
  • 6 H 12 O 6 – glucose

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