Importance of Biochemistry

5 tips for organic gardning?

Organic gardening

5 tips for organic gardening :

Pesticide Free Week starts Friday, March 20th. For the fourth year in a row, this event organized by the Citizen Action for Alternatives to Pesticides (ACAP) aims to raise public awareness of the risks associated with the use of chemical treatments.
Here are some tips for green gardening, no waste and no dangerous products for the environment and health.

 

1.Make your own compost

Indispensable for good soil health, compost can be obtained from plant waste (grass clippings, small branches, dead leaves and weeds) and leftovers from the kitchen, such as peelings of fruits or vegetables.

This mixture can be deposited in layers of 10 to 20 cm in crates wood , or when storing heap in an unused corner of the garden. It will water and air regularly to make it flexible and homogeneous.

After several weeks, or even a few months, the compost is ready to spread on the soil surface. It will fertilize the soil and improve its quality.

2.Cover the soil with mulching

It is often recommended to cover the soil in some places with mulching . A simple operation that prevents weeds from growing, and also promotes the proliferation of insects “healthy” to ward off harmful insects to plants.

Composed of decomposed manure, bark, dead leaves and cut branches, the mulching must spread on the surface, on a humid ground, especially at the foot of trees or plants.

3.Prefer green manures to insecticides

Plant manure, horse manure, seaweed , rich in trace elements , dried poultry blood, bone powder, crushed horn, ashes, phosphate rock, are all natural fertilizers that will replace effectively chemicals.

 Nettle manure, for example, is a very good green manure that will attack the aphids and parasites of the garden. It is obtained by mixing in an airtight container 1 kilo of nettles with 10 liters of spring water or rain.

After a few weeks of maceration, the resulting solution is used as a fungicide , pouring on the soil, or as an insecticide, by finely spraying it on the leaves. Natural fertilizers based onPhosphorus or potash (sold in garden centers) are also very good fertilizers for growing plants and flowers.

4.Save water

Water being a precious resource on our planet, it is important to know how to use it so as not to waste it. In spring or summer, watering should occur for example in the morning or at sunset the sun , to prevent the evaporation of water.

It is also necessary to water less often, but for a longer time, by concentrating the water at the base of the plants so that it can be more easily picked up by the roots.

The best water in the garden is the one that comes from the sky, because it is devoid of chlorine and limestone . Gardeners advise to collect rainwater in storage barrels, containers or vats.

5.Maintain useful plants and animals

Because they are the enemies of pests, some insects and animals are very useful in the garden. The spiders eat aphids and mosquitoes , bedbugs deal with caterpillars while toads fond of slugs and larvae dreaded small plants.

 Earthworms are also very valuable because the galleries they dig allow to ventilate and refresh the earth. Bees and butterflies are also very useful in fertilizing flowers.

To promote the presence of all these animals, it is advisable to multiply the small wild corners where the vegetation is dense, to arrange small ponds, nest boxes and feeders for them.amphibians and birds, and raise a smallstone wall exposed to the sun to attract lizards.

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