Caffeine and weight loss :
Caffeine and weight loss,According to a study in mice, caffeine consumption reduces the harmful consequences of dieting that induces weight gain.
At the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, scientists fed mice a diet full of sugar and fatty foods and then divided them into two groups:
The first group was given caffeinated mate tea, and the other group was given decaffeinated mate tea.
The percentage of weight gain and fat gain – 16% weight gain and 22% fat gain – were lower for the mice who took caffeine compared to the other group of mice,
and they also found that natural and synthetic caffeine had the same effect on mice in fighting obesity.
After studying mouse cells, it was discovered that the effect of caffeine was to change the way some genes were arranged.
Caffeine reduces the accumulation of fats in the body
For 28 days, six groups of mice were fed a diet high in fat and sugars and supported the diet of five groups with one of these elements:
synthetic caffeine, caffeinated mate tea, caffeine from mate tea, caffeine from coffee, and decaffeinated mate tea.
The amount of added caffeine is equivalent to drinking four cups of coffee per day.
After 28 days, it was observed that the groups consuming coffee from any source had less mass than the non-caffeine consuming groups.
From this, they concluded that there is a correlation between fat storage in fat cells and an increase in fat mass.
The benefits of mate tea are not limited to fighting obesity, but also because it contains vitamins, flavonoids and phenolic compounds.
Mate tea made from the leaves of the Ilex paraguariensis tree is one of the most popular drinks in South America,
with consumption in some countries such as Paraguay, Brazil, Chile, Argentina and Uruguay 3-10 kilograms per person.
This drink is popular as a substitute for black coffee and black tea due to its reputation for fighting obesity, infections, diabetes and heart disease.
One cup of mate tea contains 65-130 milligrams of caffeine, and one cup of brewed coffee contains 30-300 milligrams of caffeine.
Caffeine alters gene expressions
Studies have been conducted on the effect of caffeine on cells, where fat cells of mice were exposed to all types of caffeine: industrial, coffee extract and mate extract.
The results showed that the percentage of fat storage in these cells exposed to any of the three types of caffeine was reduced by 20-41%.
Examination of genes involved in fat metabolism and obesity revealed that caffeine reduces the expression of certain genes.
Caffeine reduced the expression of the gene responsible for FASN, the role of this enzyme in the production of long chain fatty acids and LPL lipoprotein, which play an important role in the breakdown of triglycerides.
The three types of caffeine significantly decreased expression of these genes, the expression of the FASN gene decreased by 31-39% and the LDL by 51-59%.
Consumption of caffeine extracted from mate reduced the expression of the FASN gene in adipose tissue by 39% and in the liver by 37%.
The reduction in the expression of these genes contributes to reducing the manufacture of LDL triglycerides.
We need inexpensive and accessible interventions
An imbalance between energy intake and energy used causes the body to stimulate the storage of excess triglycerides in adipose tissue.
The World Health Organization classifies overweight or obesity as the accumulation of excess fat, which can affect health badly,
and obesity is considered one of the difficulties and challenges facing the modern world, which until recently was considered concerned with rich countries,
but it means all countries now regardless of The economic situation of the country, as it caused the death of 28 million people around the world.
Obesity is one of the main risk factors for many health problems, such as diabetes (type 2), fatty liver disease, and heart disease.
It is possible to protect oneself from the complications of obesity in several ways, including:
changing lifestyle, exercising, performing surgeries, or taking medicines to reduce excess weight, and scientists resort to plants and herbs as mate tea because of the constant urge to find easy and economical solutions.
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