Basic chemistry

What are the factors effecting chemical equilibrium ?

Chemical equilibrium Properties

What is Chemical equilibrium?

Chemical equilibrium def Properties and factors :

Chemical equilibrium def properties and factors are briefly listed here. Chemical equilibrium is defined as  chemical equilibrium on the state of stability that occurs in chemical processes, specifically on the rate of chemical reactions or equal to the concentration ratio between the reactants and the resulting, in a more accurate sense that this condition occurs in the event that no change in the system has been observed after a period of time has elapsed.

Short from the start of chemical reactions, and the information indicates that the chemical equilibrium occurs if the reaction velocity is equal in the direct and opposite direction to it, but this is not intended to mean that the value of the reaction velocity is zero at all, and it is worth noting that the chemical equilibrium is a condition It is key to achieving thermodynamic balance, as it is a key element in achieving the requirements of the Energy and Mass Conservation Law.

Factors affecting chemical equilibrium:

The chemical equilibrium is affected in any chemical process by:

1.The ratio of the concentration of the reactants :

in the sense that the tyranny of the reactant or resulting from the other in the interactive process will not leave any effect on the constant value, but it may leave a change in that the increase of one of the elements is followed by a decrease in the concentration of the other element inevitably, and according to the text of the Le Chatelet rule that in the event of an occurrence An increase in any of the elements, the reaction will turn right.

2.Temperature :

If there is an increase in the temperature affecting the chemical reactions, this will contribute to changing the direction of the chemical reaction towards the other direction that has the ability to absorb the thermal reaction, and it must be noted that the front factor of the reaction is endothermic; and this results in an increase in the value of The chemical equilibrium constant of the reactants in the system.

3.The pressure element :

one of the most influencing factors in a chemical equilibrium at all, as it shows its effect on equilibrium, its constant value, and chemical reactions, and of course this will result in a gas that affects its reaction’s orientation towards the direction in which the volume of the chemical system decreases.

4.Addition of inert gas :

Inert gas is unable to add any change to chemical reactions, as there is no effect on the chemical equilibrium;


The equilibrium is not affected in chemical reactions if the catalysts enter it

Chemical equilibrium properties:

1.It always contains two opposite reactions.

2.The inverse and immediate competitors remain in the chemical reaction at the same speed to reach the chemical equilibrium.

3.It is characterized by a dynamic nature constantly active.

4.Chemical reactions go automatically without any external interference toward equilibrium.

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