Dangue fever:symptoms,prevention and treatment?
Dangue fever symptoms:
Dangue fever symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and protection are listed below.First of all we have to know what is dangue fever?
Dengue fever is a painful and debilitating mosquito-borne disease caused by any type of dengue virus.
These viruses are relative to the viruses that cause West Nile fever and yellow fever.
It is estimated that 390 million infections per year worldwide.
It produces disease at about 96 million of them.
Most cases occur in tropical regions of the world, and the greatest risk is:
• The Indian subcontinent
• Southeast Asia
• Southern China • Taiwan
• Pacific Islands
The Caribbean (except for Cuba and the Cayman Islands)
Central and South America (excluding Chile, Paraguay, and Argentina)
Most cases in the United States occur in people who contract the infection when traveling abroad.
However, the risk is increasing for people living on the border between Texas and Mexico and in other parts of the southern United States.
In 2009 an outbreak of dengue fever was detected in Key West, Florida, USA.
Dengue is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito that is infected (or infected) with the dengue virus.
The mosquito becomes infected when it bites a person with the dengue virus in their blood.
It is not possible to spread it directly from one person to another.
Symptoms of dengue fever:
Symptoms that start 4 to 6 days after infection and last for 10 days may include:
.Sudden high fever
• Severe headache
.Pain behind the eyes
• severe pain in the joints and muscles
.A rash that appears two to five days after the fever begins.
.Mild bleeding (such as nosebleeds and gums).
Symptoms can sometimes be mild and mistakenly appear as a flu or other viral infection.
And serious problems can develop in children and those with it for the first time, including dengue hemorrhagic fever.
Symptoms may also progress to severe hemorrhagic shock, called dengue shock syndrome.
Doctors can diagnose it with a blood test to check for the virus or its antibodies.
If you become sick after traveling to a tropical region, tell your doctor this to allow him to estimate your risk of dengue fever.
There is no specific treatment, as you should use pain relievers containing (acetaminophen) and avoid medicines containing (aspirin) that may exacerbate bleeding, and you should also rest and drink fluids.
There is no vaccine for dengue fever, so you should avoid being bitten by a mosquito that has been infected with the virus.
.Stay away from overcrowded places.
• Use mosquito repellent even indoors.
• When outside the home, wear a long-sleeved shirt and long pants with folded over your socks.
• Use an indoor air conditioner, if available.
.Ensure that windows and doors are secure and free of holes.
• If you have symptoms of dengue fever, talk to your doctor.
.And stay away from mosquito breeding places, such as perennial trees or flowerpots.
And if anyone in your home has been infected with dengue fever, be careful and make an effort to protect yourself and other members of your family from the mosquitoes that spread the infection.
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