Importance of Biochemistry

Cold or flu? How to know which one you have?

Flu or cold?



What is the flu or cold?

Flu or cold what is it? Now we discussed it in detail that what are the common symptoms , Serious flu symptoms , Emergency symptoms in children etc.

Common symptoms of the flu are:

  •  Fever.
  •  They are general.
  •  fatigue.

These symptoms appear one to four days after infection, and often appear suddenly and are moderately severe. You may remain bedridden until your symptoms improve.

The flu usually clears up within a week or two.

For people at higher risk of getting the flu, complications such as:

  •  Bronchitis.
  •  Pneumonic.

Pneumonia is one of the most serious complications of the flu, and it can sometimes be fatal.

Common flu symptoms:

Common flu signs and symptoms include:

  •  Fever over 38 ° C.
  •  shudder.
  •  A general weakness.
  •  Fatigue.
  •  Muscle pain.
  •  Anorexia.
  •  A headache.
  •  A dry cough.
  •  Sore throat.
  •  Vertigo.
  •  Wheeze.
  •  Stuffy or runny nose
  •  Vomiting and diarrhea, but they are more common in children.

Most symptoms go away after one to two weeks of onset, and a dry cough and fatigue may last for several more weeks.

Flu symptoms and treatment - bronchitis - pneumonia - fever - infection - how does a person get influenza infection - sore throat

Serious flu symptoms:

Factors that may increase your risk of catching the flu and its complications include:

  •  Age: Flu is most common in children over 2 years of age and adults over 65.
  •  People under 18 receiving long-term aspirin therapy.
  •  Pregnant women are more likely to have flu-related complications for up to two weeks after birth.
  •  Obesity: People with a BMI of 40 or more are at increased risk of flu complications.
  •  Race: Native Americans are more at risk of developing complications from influenza.
  •  Residents of nursing homes.
  •  Weakening of the immune system: The immune system may be weakened by the use of long-term medications or a certain medical condition, which puts you at risk of getting the flu and increases the risk of complications.
  •  Chronic diseases: The risk of complications from influenza increases as a result of chronic diseases such as diabetes and asthma.

Older adults and those with weak immune systems may experience:

  •  Respiratory disorders.
  •  Blue lips.
  •  Sore throat.
  •  High fever
  •  Extreme tiredness.

Health care should be sought immediately in the following cases:

  •  Worsening of symptoms.
  •  Symptoms last more than two weeks.
  •  Ear infections and pain.
  •  Fever higher than 39.4 ° C

When should emergency medical advice be sought in adults and children?

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, seek immediate medical care if an adult has:

  •  Respiratory disorders.
  • Shortness of breath.
  •  Abdominal and chest pain.
  •  Severe vertigo.
  •  fainting.
  •  Extreme fatigue.
  •  Worsening cough and fever.

Emergency symptoms in children include:

  •  Respiratory disorders.
  •  Cyanosis of the skin.
  •  Lack of drinking enough fluids.
  •  Idle.
  •  Difficulty waking up and hearing disturbances.
  •  Crying most when you hold the baby.
  •  Crying without tears.
  •  Fever accompanied by a rash.
  •  Anorexia.
  •  Lack of wet diapers.


Pneumonia is a common complication of the flu, especially for people who are at increased risk of influenza, such as those over 65 years of age, young adults, or those with a weak immune system.

Symptoms of pneumonia that require immediate medical attention include:

  •  Severe cough with phlegm.
  •  Shortness of breath.
  •  Respiratory disorders.
  •  A persistent fever of up to 39 ° C.
  •  Sweating.
  •  shudder.
  •  Severe chest pain.

Delayed treatment of pneumonia can lead to serious complications and death, especially in the elderly, smokers, people with weak immune systems, or those with chronic heart and lung diseases.

Viral gastroenteritis (stomach flu):

There is no effective treatment for viral gastroenteritis, so prevention is key.

Viral gastroenteritis is an intestinal infection caused by a number of viruses, bacteria, and parasites.

Its symptoms include:

  •  Mild fever.
  •  Nausea
  •  Vomiting and fatigue.
  •  Diarrhea.

While the influenza virus does not cause nausea or diarrhea, except in some cases in children.

It is necessary to distinguish between influenza and viral gastroenteritis in order to receive appropriate treatment.

The very young, the elderly, and those with a weak immune system are more prone to complications from stomach flu, as these complications can sometimes include dehydration and death.

Influenza treatment:

You usually need to get plenty of rest and plenty of fluids such as:

  •  water.
  •  Tea.
  •  fresh Juices.
  •  the soup.

But if the infection is severe, the doctor may prescribe an antiviral to treat influenza, and these medications include:

  •  Zanamivir (Relenza).
  •  Oseltamivir (Tamiflu).
  •  Pyramivir (Rapivab).

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration approved a new drug called valoxavir marboxil (Zofloza) in October 2018.

Side effects of antivirals may include nausea and fatigue. Consult a doctor before taking an over-the-counter medication such as ibuprofen (Advil) or acetaminophen (Tylenol).


The annual flu vaccination is recommended for everyone aged six months or more, as it may help reduce the risk of contracting the flu in addition to reducing the severity and severity of the disease when infected.

Controlling the spread of infection:

The effectiveness of the influenza vaccine is not 100%, so it is recommended to follow some measures to reduce the spread of infection, including:

  •  Avoid crowded places.
  •  cleaning hands.
  •  Avoid touching the face and mouth.
  •  Covering the nose and mouth when coughing and sneezing.


It may take up to 2 weeks of recovery from the flu for symptoms to completely go away.

A doctor should be consulted if symptoms persist for more than two weeks or disappear and then reappear worse than before.

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