Environmental Chemistry

What are the types of fossil fuel?

Fossil fuel and it's types?

Fossil fuel and it’s types :

Fossil fuel and it’s types :Fossil fuel is found in various forms around the world but it’s major forms are oil,coal and natural gas which are discussed in this topic.

When will fossil fuels end?

When will fossil fuels end? Estimates regarding the end of the global fossil fuel reserve vary in theory, and are influenced by new technological developments, carbon removal efforts, and changes in use. However, if humans want to escape the tremendous effects of climate change, they should stop the use of fossil fuels on our planet.

It looks as if we cannot turn on the TV without hearing about the impact of climate change or the risk of using fossil fuels around the world, and for good reason, evidence of climate crisis is increasing daily, with global warming, rising sea levels, more severe weather events, and unprecedented melting of polar ice. .

Climate change has become one of the hot issues at the global and local policy levels, a subject of controversy in the midst of discussions regarding the use of fossil fuels to satisfy our energy needs, in addition to the harmful carbon emissions resulting from burning fossil fuels.

While environmentalists around the world are striving to reduce the burning of fossil fuels and develop environmentally friendly solutions to energy production, the political and economic aspect of fossil fuels has occupied a major position in the global debate, and one of the important – if not the most important – questions is when will fossil fuels run out on our planet ?

What is fossil fuels?

Fossil fuels are the bio-hydrocarbons present in the Earth’s interior, which required hundreds of millions of years to form, as a result of the fusion of organic remains of creatures in seabeds or ponds and swamps and their exposure to a huge amount of pressure, in addition to decomposition by anaerobic bacteria, which led to deposits rich in carbon

Fossil fuel and it’s types

. Fossil fuel and it’s types can be found in various forms around the world, but its main and most widespread forms are oil, coal, and natural gas.

Coal

Sedimentary stones of dark brown or black color, formed about 360 million years ago when the organic matter was deposited in the bottoms of ponds and swamps, then submerged with mud to turn into charcoal, the quality of which is classified according to its carbon content.

There is evidence of the use of coal, oil, and gas in primitive forms for thousands of years, as coal was excavated about 3,000 years ago. Coal was used to generate electricity and operate transportation at the start of the Industrial Revolution, and it is available worldwide, so fossil fuels are the most popular on the planet.

Fossil fuel and it's types use of coal, gas and oil in rudimentary images for thousands of years

There is evidence of the use of coal, gas and oil in rudimentary images for thousands of years

Oil

Crude oil is a mixture of hydrogen and carbon that is formed as a result of the sedimentation of live plankton and algae at the bottom of the sea, and its millions of years of implantation under the mud and sediments. It can be extracted from land where there were ancient seas or lakes, or from the ocean floor in craters, and it is derived from several forms of fuel such as oil, gasoline, diesel, and other chemical compounds, many of which are used in the manufacture of plastics around the world.

Oil is the most dangerous enemy for fossil fuel critics, as it contributes to air pollution (as a result of car and truck exhausts), in addition to the destructive leaks of the environment occurring while transporting or extracting it from land or from the ocean floor.

Natural Gas

Gas concentrations in the ground consist mainly of methane, and are formed in a similar way to the formation of coal but under various conditions, as they are often held in sedimentary rocks or frozen waters. Natural gas extraction has increased in recent years due to the development of the controversial hydraulic fracking technology. Natural gas is less harmful to the environment than coal and oil, but it contributes to changing atmospheric components and hence to a climate crisis. Huge additional quantities of natural gas are thought to exist in various forms, such as methane hydrates under the sea, whose extraction is low economic cost.

Fossil fuel And it's types

Huge additional quantities of natural gas are thought to be present in different formulas

Although fossil fuels required hundreds of millions of years, the industrial revolution since the beginning of the nineteenth century has accelerated the extraction of these resources and their consumption at a tremendous rate, in order to meet our increasing need for energy. This scenario raises the concerns of many, because of the possibility of running out of these energy sources, especially with the global economy being closely linked to the energy sector, which prompted many to think about it.

What do the experts say about the end of fossil fuels ?

Expectations for the rest of the fossil fuel on the planet vary, beginning in the 1950s, and experts predicted, but without any accuracy, the impact of the use of fossil fuels on the planet. Geologist M. King Hubbert set the peak oil curve which expects oil production to reach a certain stage after which it will decrease until it ends, due to its limited source, and in 1956 Hubert predicted that the United States of America would reach this stage (the stage of reaching the peak of production and then starting to Decline) in 1970, which was already achieved.

To understand these historical expectations, we must first get to know the ratio of oil reserves to production rates (known as the R / P ratio) for fossil fuels, and the forecasts often depend on estimates of proven oil reserves at the time, despite the development of extraction technologies and newly discovered or potential reserves around the world .

In 1979, Hubert expected to reach a peak oil point globally in 2000, then revised his prediction to 2012.

According to BP’s statistical bulletin, it is estimated that we have about 115 years of coal production, 53 years of oil production and 54 years of natural gas production before they are all depleted.

One of the complex factors of these expectations – which contradict the allegations of climate change deniers – is that the energy map on our planet is constantly evolving, as different industries pump billions of dollars into investments that constantly change the R / P ratio, including developing more efficient and more efficient extraction and refining methods, in addition to To the constant discovery of new reserves. Despite our reckless use of these resources, the amount of oil reserves around the world has increased over the past half-century to an incredible degree, thanks to new newly discovered sources of this fuel.

The attempt to guess the age of fossil fuels has puzzled the accuracy of experts over 60 years, and it is clear that the question: “When will fossil fuels run out?” Is fundamentally a wrong question, but the question – which governments and experts must know his answer to – must be: “What “How much fossil fuel do we have that our planet can withstand burning?”

Consider climate change 

As mentioned above, the fossil fuel we depend on is rich in carbon, which was taken from the atmosphere to be stored in these natural deposits. When we burn this fossil fuel, we return this carbon to the atmosphere, causing heat retention in it, and then the temperatures of our entire planet.

And with continued use of carbon-based fuel sources, air and ocean pollution will increase, as the acidity of ocean water increases and the air becomes unhealthy to breathe, which leads to respiratory diseases and poses a threat to human life.

The Paris Convention is the United Nations is the most stringent initiative in terms of climate change and curbing carbon emissions, and has received widespread support, and aims to prevent global temperature increases of more than two degrees Celsius compared to the era of the Industrial Revolution. To prevent an incurable climate catastrophe, we must leave 65-80% of fossil fuel reserves unused, which is called unburnable carbon.

last word about the end of fossil fuel and it’s types 

The last word about the end of fossil fuels is that There is an ongoing political debate about the use and regulation of fossil fuels, as the fossil fuel industries have become closely linked to power structures around the world. However, global climate experts are unanimous in the consequences of the continued and reckless use of these sources, which drives us to seek forward alternative energy solutions, sustainable, environmentally friendly and carbon-free sources such as solar and wind energy. So the question should not be when will fossil fuels run out, but when will we be able to stop the use of fossil fuels.

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