Fuel made from biomass made economical by smart concept :
The first stone of a biomass fuel pilot plant was laid on 4 November 2005. This facility, which will be built at Forchungszentrum Karlsruhe (FZK) in Germany with the participation of industrialists and the Agency for Raw Materials in biomass base (FNR), will aim to test the overall process of biofuel production, from biomass to the pump.
The production of synthetic fuels and chemicals made fromreduces dependence on and the of CO 2 . In addition, biomass is the only carbon energy that can be used to produce chemicals. Unused , such as straw, alone could provide 10% of current German fuel requirements.
The disadvantage of biomass is its low, resulting in significant transportation costs. A process developed at FZK, called “bioliq” or BTL (Biomass To Liquid) solves this problem and produces good quality fuel suitable for future engine generations. It breaks down into 2 stages: first of all, the biomass is transformed in fast plants into an intermediate product with a 10 times higher energy concentration (comparable to that of crude oil). This product, called slurry , can then be brought by train to a centralized facility for production ( and ) and the synthesis of fuels. The majority of biomass will be straw and other woody substances , which account for more than 90% of agricultural biomass, but scrap , bark and paper are not excluded. The cost of a liter of fuel will be around 1 euro, knowing that fuel from biomass is zero-rated in Germany until 2009.
Two industrialists participate in the project. On the one hand, Lurgiof Frankfurt is studying a process of rapid pyrolysis from biomass. On the other hand, Future Energy of Freiberg (Saxony) is dedicated to high- . The investment for the pilot plant amounts to 23 million euros.
Theindustry (VW and Daimler-Chrysler) is interested in synthesis for engine development with reduced emissions and consumption. China is also interested in the process, which could cover some of its growing fuel needs.