Basic chemistry

What is HCl used for an overview?

Hydrochloric acid an overview?

Hydrochloric acid an overview?

HCL definition synthesis and uses :

HCL definition synthesis and uses and dangers are discussed here briefly by the way you can understand it easily.

The term hydrochloric acid refers to a colorless aqueous solution of hydrogen chloride (HCl) composed of hydronium ions , H 3 O + , and chloride ions, Cl  . Hydrochloric acid is a strong mono acid that dissociates completely in water.

Uses of hydrochloric acid

In everyday life, hydrochloric acid can be used to descale or sanitize toilets. But, it is mainly used in the industry. It is used for example in the manufacture of fertilizers or the pickling of metals . It can also be used as a hydrolysis agent , catalyst or analytical reagent by the pharmaceutical or plastics industries , among others.

Synthesis of hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid can be directly synthesized by combustion of chlorine (Cl 2 ) in dihydrogen (H 2 ). However, the main source of hydrochloric acid remains the co-production during chemical reactions or combustion involving chlorinated compounds.

The dangers of exposure to hydrochloric acid

Hydrochloric acid is particularly corrosive and toxic , as is sulfuric acid . It must be handled with care. Because with his contact severe burns can appear. Its ingestion can cause pain mouth, sometimes bloody vomiting, gastrointestinal bleeding, esophageal perforation or gastric , respiratory distress and renal failure or an edema laryngeal.

Hydrochloric acid of the stomach

Hydrochloric acid is also secreted by cells of the lining of the stomach . Mixed with gastric juice, it helps to initiate the digestion of proteins .

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