Basic chemistry

What is the most explosive chemical?

Highly explosive chemicals?

Learn about the most highly explosive chemicals:

Highly explosive chemicals are listed below in detail by which we can easily understood that how we handle these highly explosive chemicals.

explosive chemicals

The Department of Chemistry at a British University was recently vacated after a student made the explosive TATP (tricyclic acetone peroxide).

Which resulted by chance from a chemical experiment.

Despite the presence of TATP, it was an unwelcome surprise – as a result of which the Ministry of Defense was forced to dispose of it and throw it away tightly – as there are many laboratories in the world that design and manufacture explosive materials for their interests and use.

Here are five types of non-nuclear chemicals that all explode with rapid release of gas.

1. Tri-nitro toluene (TNT):

One of the most well-known explosive chemicals, which appears frequently in video games and movies.

It is often misconstrued as dynamite, and there may be powerful examples that illustrate the false ambiguities in general culture, such as the song TNT with the words: “Just as I am (TNT), I am dynamite”.

TNT is a yellowish solid, first made as a dye in 1863.

They do not detonate automatically and are easy to control. Their explosive properties were discovered about 30 years ago by a German chemist named Carl Häussermann in 1891.

TNT can be melted, poured into containers, and exploded with a lightning bolt in addition to great force. The nitro groups in the molecule rapidly convert into nitrogen gas, and this makes them ideal for controlling explosions, as they are planted and exploded as planned (by miners, for example), which makes Its explosion is relatively safe.


It is also considered a standard measure for bombs, as the explosiveness of other chemicals is measured with respect to TNT.

2. (TATP):

This substance belongs to a group of molecules called peroxides, which contain weak and unstable oxygen bonds, which is not present in the (TNT).

This means that TATP is less stable and more prone to spontaneous blasting.

The (TATP) is called “the mother of Satan” because its explosion is equivalent to 80% of the explosive power of (TNT), and it is more difficult than the (TNT) to control.

It is very easy to blow yourself up while making a substance because a slight click or shock is enough to cause an explosion, which means that you have a good reason to evacuate your chemical laboratory in case the substance was produced unintentionally.

The (TATP) attracted media attention because it was easy to manufacture and was used in improvised explosive devices (IEDs) associated with the terrorist attacks in London 7-7-2005.

3. (RDX):

RDX is the “nitrogen explosion”, that is, the explosive properties of this substance are due to the presence of many nitrogen bonds bound together.

These bonds are in a very unstable state, and since the nitrogen atoms fuse together to produce nitrogen gas and form a triple bond in that gas, the more nitrogen bonds the molecule carries, the more powerful the explosion.

RDX is stronger than TNT because TNT does not contain any unstable nitrogen bonds, and it is often mixed with other chemicals to obtain various effects, such as making it less sensitive and less likely to burst.

This material is generally used to control building demolition.


4. (PETN):

One of the most explosive chemicals, it contains nitro groups similar to TNT and nitroglycerine in dynamite.

Of course, having more nitrogen bonds means stronger explosions. But despite its powerful explosions, this substance is difficult to detonate on its own, so it is usually used in combination with TNT or RDX.

PETN was used regularly in World War II to create explosive bridge wires that use electric currents for detonation. It is now used as a bridge wire in nuclear weapons.

In addition, it is relatively weak toxic and has medicinal properties such as (Vasodilator) as it can expand blood vessels and is used to treat diphtheria as well, but do not worry, it will not explode.

5. Azeroazide azide:

Among the least stable chemicals in nitrogen explosions is azero azide, which contains 14 nitrogen atoms, linked in series with one another, and nitrogen bonds make them vulnerable to explosion.

You will never see these types of particles in nature due to their instability, and they were made in a German research laboratory by Thomas Klapotke’s team in 2011.

Touching this chemical (some say even looking at it) can break these bonds and turn them into double molecules from the rapid expansion of nitrogen gas.

This reaction creates a large amount of heat and small amounts of the chemical that has been prepared for the test, and in many cases the substance breaks into pieces within the analyzer instrument.


This list is not exhaustive, as there are many other explosive chemicals at the disposal of chemists and industrialists.

But these materials are the most dangerous non-nuclear material in history.

You would be pleased to know that it is difficult to prepare many of these materials by chance, such as TATP, and that we can of course predict and avoid reactions from them.

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