IVF meaning, in vitro fertilization, or artificial insemination is a process that involves many steps and doctor visits, and it takes many a step closer to pregnancy,
But on the other hand, knowing its steps or what you can expect from them and whether it will be a stressful process or not,
Is something Necessary for a woman before starting this procedure, and here is everything you need to know before the IVF procedure.
Steps of the IVF process
Dr. Yves Feinberg, medical director of Neurology and Reproductive Medicine at Highland Park, says that:
The IVF process first requires a woman to take fertility drugs to stimulate the ovaries to produce many eggs,
And during that time the woman has to go to visit the doctor for blood tests and ultrasound almost daily.
Once the stimulation process is completed, the doctor takes eggs from the ovaries under general anesthesia,
And they are combined with the sperm that were taken from the husband in the laboratory, and after three to five days one or more embryos are placed inside the uterus (and some eggs can be frozen to repeat the fertilization cycle.
In the future), and after two weeks the doctor takes a blood test to detect whether or not pregnancy has occurred
Pay attention to health before vaccination
Getting an ideal weight and quitting smoking and alcohol can improve the odds of IVF success dramatically,
Says Dr. Deidre De Jean, a professor of endocrinology, reproductive and infertility at the University of Alabama,
“Trying to control high blood pressure and diabetes before trying to conceive is something. essential ” .
Some side effects of IVF
The IVF process involves pumping an enormous amount of hormones into the woman’s body.
So we should expect that the woman will suffer from some emotional disturbances during the insemination cycle,
Says Dr. David Diaz, a fertility endocrinologist and fertility expert at Memorial Care Orange Coast Medical Center in Fountain Valley. ,
That a woman who undergoes IVF should expect some minor side effects such as feeling cramps or swelling in the pelvic area, the presence of milk in the breast and high pressure, and the woman may feel discomfort as a result of fertility drugs .
In some cases, ICSI causes ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome, which occurs when fertility drugs cause the ovaries to produce more eggs.
Symptoms of the syndrome can include weight gain, severe pain, swollen abdomen, dizziness, shortness of breath, nausea and vomiting,
And these symptoms usually disappear on their own. But the woman should inform the doctor if she notices any of these symptoms.
There is a slight risk of complications from pregnancy and childbirth
Having more than one embryo implanted during insemination increases the chances of pregnancy,
But it also increases the odds of premature labor and low birth weight, and to reduce this, Dr. Diaz recommends a genetic test for fetuses, and then only one embryo is transferred to the uterus.
Also, children who are born with IVF have an increased risk of birth defects at a rate of 2% more than normal children,
And Dr. Hudson says that this is evidence that birth defects are most likely related to infertility and not to the IVF process.
You may have the option to choose the gender of the baby
If the IVF cycle includes a genetic test before implanting the embryo into the womb , which examines the embryos for chromosomal defects,
Then part of the chromosomal report includes knowing the sex of the embryos, and there are some laboratories that allow choosing the sex of the fetus when artificial insemination, but some refuse that and perform the implantation only .
IVF does not guarantee pregnancy
Unfortunately, the IVF process does not succeed with everyone, some people get a pregnancy the first time,
And some need to repeat the process several times, and some couples do not succeed even after multiple attempts, and the success of the process depends to some degree on the woman’s age,
According to the latest national data from the Association Assisted Reproductive Technology (SART),
The success rate of IVF for women under the age of 35 was about 48%, and this rate drops to only 3% for women over the age of 42 years.