Environmental Chemistry

How many atmosphere layers are there?

The Layers of atmosphere

How many atmosphere layers are there?

Layers of atmosphere of earth:

Layers of atmosphere of earth are listed below.The study of atmosphere provide us the knowledge about significance of gases present in the air. There are four main layers of atmosphere.

Environment :

The study of environment provide us knowledge about our surroundings and activities of human on it. Due to human activities our atmosphere is changing day by day

Atmosphere :The layers of atmosphere

The study of composition of atmosphere provide us the knowledge about significance of gases present in the atmosphere.

Definition :

Atmosphere is the envelope of different gases around the earth.

Atmosphere extends continuously from the earth surface outwards without any boundary.  About 99 percent atmospheric mass lies within 30 kilometers of the surface and 75percent lies within the lowest 11kilometers.

Composition of dry air:

Nitrogen 78.09 percent by volume

Oxygen 20.94 percent by volume

Argon 0.93 percent by volume

Carbon dioxide 0.03 percent by volume

Layers of atmosphere :

Atmosphere consist of four layers;

1. Thermosphere

2. Mesosphere

3. Stratosphere

4. Troposphere

These four spheres extend from the earth upwards.

Change in temperature and pressure :

The concentration of the component gases decrease gradually upwards,  and which results in gradual decrease of pressure.  But temperature of the atmosphere does not change in a gradual way.  It varies in a complex way. Depending upon the temperature variation, atmosphere divided into four region.

Troposphere :

Temperature decrease from 17 degree to 58 regularly in the lowest layer extending up-to 12 km. This layer of atmosphere called troposphere.

Stratosphere :

Above troposphere lies the stratosphere that extends upto 50km.And In this layer temperature rises upto 2 degree.

Mesosphere :

Beyond the stratosphere lies the Mesosphere, and it covers upto 85km. In this region again temperature decreases down to _93 degree C.

Thermosphere :

Beyond 85km lies the Thermosphere, in which temperature goes on increasing upwards.

Characteristic of troposphere :

Decrease in temperature ;

Although concentration of carbon dioxide and water vapours is negligible in atmosphere,  yet they play a significant role in maintaining temperature of the atmosphere. And both of these gases allow visible light to pass through but absorb infrared radiations emitted by the Earth’s surface. Therefore, these gases  absorb much of the outgoing radiations and warm the atmosphere. As the concentration of gases decrease gradually  with the increase of altitude,  and correspondingly temperature also decrease at rate of 6 degree per kilometer. This is region where all weathers occur.

Characteristic of stratosphere :

In this region, temperature rises gradually up to 2 degree C. The presence of ozone in this region is responsible for the rise of temperature in stratosphere,and within this region,  temperature increases as altitude increases. Such as lower layer temperature is about _58 degree and upper layer is about 2 degree C.

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