Organic forming history and methods ?
Organic forming history and methods :
Organic forming history and methods are listed here in detail. Organic forming is an agricultural system that uses environmental-based pest controls and the use of biological fertilizers largely derived from animal and plant waste and cover crops that fix nitrogen during planting crops. Modern organic agriculture has evolved in response to the environmental damage caused by the use of chemical pesticides and industrial fertilizers in traditional agriculture, as they have many environmental benefits.
Compared to traditional farming, organic farming uses fewer pesticides and reduces soil erosion and nitrate filtration into groundwater and surface water and works to recycle animal waste back to the farm.
These benefits are balanced by higher food costs for consumers and generally lower returns. Indeed, the productivity of organic crops has been found to be approximately 25% less than crops grown normally, although this depends largely on the type of crop.
Challenge for organic forming :
The challenge for organic agriculture in the future will be to preserve its environmental benefits, increase yields and reduce prices while meeting the challenges of climate change and increasing the world’s population.
History of organic forming :
The concepts of organic farming were developed in the early twentieth century by Sir * Howard Howard, FG Knuck, Rudolf Steiner and others, who believed that the use of animal manure – often manure – and crop crops and crop rotations (agricultural cycles) and biological-based pest control controls All lead to a better farming system.
These practices were reinforced by many advocates – such as JI Rodale and his son Robert from 1940 onwards – when the Journal of Organic Gardening and Agriculture was published and a number of texts on organic farming were published. The demand for organic foods increased in the 1960s through the publication of Silent Spring by Rachel Carson who documented the extent of environmental damage caused by pesticides.
Sales of food from organic forming :
Sales of organic food have increased since the late twentieth century, and environmental awareness has strengthened along with concerns about the health effects of pesticide residues, GM crops consumption and organic sector growth.
In the United States, retail sales increased from $ 20.39 billion in 2008 to $ 45.21 billion in 2017, while sales in Europe were around $ 33 billion (29.8 billion euros) in 2015.
The price of organic food was generally higher than the price of traditional food depending on the product and season and fluctuations of supply and demand, the price of organic food can be anywhere less than 10% and may rise to more than 100% of the price of traditionally cultivated products.
Organization of organic forming :
Governments have officially defined organic farming in terms of farmers relying on the production of their organic produce. There are specific organic standards for crops, animals, wild products, and agricultural product processing.
For example, organic standards in the European Union (EU) and the United States of America prohibit the use of synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, ionizing radiation, and plants or genetically modified products. In the European Union, the certified organic control bodies implement organic inspection in accordance with European Union standards.
The USDA has known organic organic standards since 2000, and there are many certified organic certification organizations throughout the country.
Although most countries have their own certification programs, EU or US certification bodies can examine farms, treatments, and procedures used and certify them in other countries. This is especially useful when, for example, products that grow organically in Mexico are exported to the United States.
Organic farming methods:
Since no artificial fertilizers are used, farmers care and preserve the soil by adding organic matter to it, which is important and essential for farmers.
The organic matter can be applied through the use of animal manure fertilizer, compost plant products and animal by-products, such as feathers or blood powder.
Given the potential for harboring human pathogens, USDA National Organic Standards state that raw fertilizer should be applied no later than 90 or 120 days before harvest, depending on whether the harvested portion of the crop is in contact with the land.
Fertilizer that has turned into fermented animal manure fertilizer after being stirred five times in 15 days and has reached temperatures between 55 and 77.2 ° C (131-171 ° F) has no conditions at application times.
(Compost) adds organic materials, provides a wide range of nutrients to plants and adds beneficial microbes to the soil, and these nutrients are often in a non-metallic form that plants cannot take, so soil microbes are necessary to break down organic materials and convert nutrients into a state (mineralization). Biologically available.
The soil is preserved by planting green fertilizers and then plowing, which helps to protect the soil from non-seasonal erosion by providing additional organic materials, and cover crops that fix nitrogen, such as alfalfa or alfalfa, are added. As for industrial fertilizers that are in mineral form, they can be taken directly by the plants.
Cover crops are usually grown before or after the profitable season or in conjunction with crops, and can also be grown among rows of some crops such as fruit trees, and researchers and farmers strive to develop cultivation practices – without tillage – and reduce tillage practices in order to reduce erosion.
Pest and pest control:
Organic pesticides are derived from natural sources, and they include organisms such as bacteria (Bacillus thuringiensis) that are used to control pests such as biting larvae, or plant derivatives such as pyrethrins (produced from dried tulips) or neem oil (from the seeds of azdrecht). Metal-based inorganic pesticides such as copper and sulfur are also permitted.
In addition to pesticides, organic pest control incorporates biological, agricultural, and genetic controls to reduce pest damage, and biological control uses natural enemies of pests such as predatory insects (beetles) or parasites such as some wasps to attack insect pests.
Traditional plant breeding has produced many types of pest-resistant crops, and the use of these varieties and the cultivation of genetically diverse crops provides genetic control against pests and reduces plant diseases.
What is inorganic agriculture?
Inorganic agriculture is a method that contradicts organic farming, as it uses pesticides, chemicals and artificial fertilizers to grow products for human and animal consumption. Recent studies indicate that organic and inorganic agricultural products have a slight difference in nutrition, and the main difference lies in the method of production.
Organic farming organized by the National Organic Program seeks to reduce the environmental impact of these products by reducing harmful artificial elements and excluding them from entering the food cycle.
Inorganic products regulated by the US Department of Agriculture tend to look larger and more homogeneous, while organic product elements are often smaller and have a variety of shapes.
You may also look through