Salt’s named properties and uses are listed in this article below by the way you can clear your doubts about the topic. Now first start with definition of Salt’s.
Salts are ionic compounds that are formed by neutralization of an acid with a base. e. g
Cation and anion
Salts are made up of positive ion(cation)and negative ions(anions)
A cation is metallic and derived from a base, therefore, it is called basic radical.
An anion is derived from acids, therefore it is called acid radical
How are the salts named?
Metal Acid salt name
Na HCL NACL
K HNO3 KNO3
Ca H3PO4 Ca3(PO4)2
Zn H2SO4 ZnSO4
Properties of salts
1.salts are ionic compounds found in crystalline form.
2.Most of the salts have water of crystalline which is responsible for the shape of crystals. Number of molecules of water are specific for each salt and they are written with the chemical formula of the salt. e.gCuSO4.2H2O.
Salts are neutral coupons.Although they do not compose of equal number of positive and negative ions, but they have equal number of positive and negative charges.
Uses of salts
1.Sodium chloride (Nacl)
i.It is commonly used as a table salt and for cooking purposes.
ii.It is also used for de-icing of roads in winter and for manufacturing of sodium metal, caustic soda, washing soda.
2.potassium nitrate (KNO3)
It is used as fertilizer and for manufacture of Flint glass.
It is used for manufacturing of glass, paper and detergents.
4.Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3.10H2O)washing soda
i. It is used as cleaning agent for domestic and commercial purposes, for softening of water.
ii. It is used in manufacturing of Chemicals like caustic soda, borax, glass, soap and paper.
5.Sodium silicate (Na2SiO3)
It is used for manufacturing of detergent, cleaning agent and adhesives.
6.Sodium tetraborate (Na2B4.10H2O)
It is used for manufacturing of heat resistant glass, glazes and anamels, in leather industry for soaking and cleaning hides.
7.Calcium chloride (CaCl2)
It is used for de-icing roads in winter, as a drying agent of chemical reagents and as freezing agent.
8.Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4.2H2O)
Gypsum is used as fertilizer, to prepare plaster of Paris which is used for making statues, casts etc.
9.Calcium oxide (CaO)
It is used as drying agent for gases and alcohol and in steel making, water treatment and other chemicals like slaked lime, bleaching powder and calcium carbide.
10.Sodium Carbonate(Na2CO3)soda ash
It is used for manufacturing of glass, detergents, pulp and other chemicals.