Inorganic chemistry

List of important Salt’s and their uses?

How the salts are named?

Salt’s named properties and uses are listed in this article below by the way you can clear your doubts about the topic. Now first start with definition of Salt’s.

Salts

Salt's named properties and uses
Salt’s

Salts are ionic compounds that are formed by neutralization of an acid with a base. e. g

HCL+NAOH————->NACL+H2O

Cation and anion

Salts are made up of positive ion(cation)and negative ions(anions)

Basic radical

A cation is metallic and derived from a base, therefore, it is called basic radical.

Acidic radical

An anion is derived from acids, therefore it is called acid radical

How are the salts named?

Metal                   Acid                  salt name

Na                         HCL                   NACL

K                            HNO3                 KNO3

Ca                           H3PO4          Ca3(PO4)2

Zn                           H2SO4              ZnSO4

Properties of salts

1.salts are ionic compounds found in crystalline form.

2.Most of the salts have water of crystalline which is responsible for the shape of crystals. Number of molecules of water are specific for each salt and they are written with the chemical formula of the salt. e.gCuSO4.2H2O.

Salts are neutral coupons.Although they do not compose of equal number of positive and negative ions, but they have equal number of positive and negative charges.

Uses of salts

1.Sodium chloride (Nacl)

i.It is commonly used as a table salt and for cooking purposes.

ii.It is also used for de-icing of roads in winter and for manufacturing of sodium metal, caustic soda, washing soda.

2.potassium nitrate (KNO3)

It is used as fertilizer and for manufacture of Flint glass.

3.Sodium sulphate(Na2SO4)

It is used for manufacturing of glass, paper and detergents.

4.Sodium carbonate (Na2CO3.10H2O)washing soda

i. It is used as cleaning agent for domestic and commercial purposes, for softening of water.

ii. It is used in manufacturing of Chemicals like caustic soda, borax, glass, soap and paper.

5.Sodium silicate (Na2SiO3)

It is used for manufacturing of detergent, cleaning agent and adhesives.

6.Sodium tetraborate (Na2B4.10H2O)

It is used for manufacturing of heat resistant glass, glazes and anamels, in leather industry for soaking and cleaning hides.

7.Calcium chloride (CaCl2)

It is used for de-icing roads in winter, as a drying agent of chemical reagents and as freezing agent.

8.Calcium Sulphate (CaSO4.2H2O)

Gypsum is used as fertilizer, to prepare plaster of Paris which is used for making statues, casts etc.

9.Calcium oxide (CaO)

It is used as drying agent for gases and alcohol and in steel making, water treatment and other chemicals like slaked lime, bleaching powder and calcium carbide.

10.Sodium Carbonate(Na2CO3)soda ash

It is used for manufacturing of glass, detergents, pulp and other chemicals.

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