Basic chemistry

What are the two Types of solids?

Examples of solids?

 

 Solid it’s types and examples?

Solid it’s types and examples are listed here. In particular, with the liquid state and the gaseous state , the solid state is one of the states of matter . In the solid state, ions , atoms or molecules are strongly bound to one another and have very little freedom of movement .The intermolecular forces are so strong that particles become almost motionless. So they cannot diffuse. The solid particles only have vibrational motion. The solids are rigid in their structure.The solids are denser than liquids and gases.

Types of solids :

Crystalline and amorphous solids

At the macroscopic scale, a solid has a specific shape and volume . These can only vary if a force of sufficiently high intensity is applied to the solid.

At the microscopic scale, we distinguish:

  • the crystal solids in which atoms are orderly and regularly arranged;
  • The crystal solids in which definite surfaces or faces.
  • The crystal solids in which sharp melting points.
  • Examples of crystal solids
  • Examples of crystal solids areNacl Example of crystalline  solids
  • Diomand and sodium chloride etc.
  • The amorphous solids in which he does not reign such an order.
  • The amorphous solids in which are not regularly arranged.
  • The amorphous solids in which not have sharp melting points.
  • The amorphous solids are shapeless.
  • Examples of amorphous solids:

    Plastic Example of amorphous solids . Solid it's types and examples
    plastic Example of amorphous solids
  • Examples are as follows
  • Plastic, rubber and glass.

Properties of solids:

Strong bonds of solids

Among the bonds that hold the atoms of a solid together are covalent bonds . Generally, the existence of this type of connection leads to particularly hard solids, such as diamond .

We can also talk about the ionic bonds that occur between ions of opposite charges. They ensure, for example, the cohesion of a grain of salt.

Solid state of water

The metallic bonds make the solids more malleable, the hydrogen bonds make it possible to reach the solid state at low temperature (water-ice) and the Van der Waals bonds make the solid matter at a very low temperature.

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