Organic compounds and their uses
Organic compounds and their uses are listed here briefly in this article first we have to know about what are organic compounds and what is organic chemistry so we started with organic compounds definition.
Organic compounds contain covalently bonded carbon and hydrogen as their essential constituent.
The branch of chemistry which deals with the study of hydrocarbons and their derivatives is known as organic chemistry.
All carbon containing compounds are not organic
Though the oxides of carbon like carbon monoxide and carbon dioxide, carbonates, bicarbonates and carbides are also carbon compounds, they are not treated as organic compounds because their properties are quite different from those of organic compounds.
Uses of organic compounds
Thosands of organic compounds are senthysized naturally by animals and plants.But millions of organic compounds are being prepared in the laboratories by the chemists.Because these compounds are part of everything from food we eat to the various items we use in daily life to fulfill our needs.
- Uses as food
- Uses as clothing
- Uses as houses
- Uses as fuel
- Uses as medicine
- Uses as raw material
1.uses as food
The food we eat daily such as milk, eggs, meat, vegetables etc contains carbohydrates, protein, fats, vitamins etc., are all organic stuff.
2. Uses as clothing
All types of clothing (we wear, we use as bed sheets etc) are made up of natural fibers and synthetic fibres (nylon, dacron and acrylic etc) all these are organic compounds.
3. Uses as houses
Wood is cellulose (naturally synthesized organic compound). It is used for making houses and furniture of all kinds.
4. Uses as fuel
The fuels we use for automobiles and domestic purpose are coal, petroleum and natural gas. These are called fossil fuels. All of these are organic compounds.
5. Uses as medicine
A large number of organic compounds are used as medicine by us. Most of the life saving medicines and drugs such as antibiotics (inhibit or kill microorganisms which cause infections) are synthesized in laboratories.
6. Uses as raw materials
Organic compounds are used to prepare a variety of materials, such as rubber, paper, ink, dyes, paints, varnishes, pesticides etc.