Did you know that 3.4 million people die from water borne diseases every year? Especially children in developing countries are at risk of death or illness because they are drinking dirty water or eating uncooked food.
What are the examples of Water borne diseases?
Water-borne diseases are the Disease that is spread because of drinking polluted water and are called waterborne infectious diseases.
Cause of water pollution and water-borne diseases:
Water pollution may be due to toxins or microorganisms.
Toxins are arsenic, mercury, lead, and many organic chemicals.
Microorganisms are viruses, bacteria, protozoa, and worms. The lack of proper sanitation facilities is the main reason for rapidly spreading waterborne diseases. Few common diseases mentioned here:
1. Diarrheal disease:
Intestinal diseases, such as cholera, may cause dangerous dehydration. It is caused by viruses, bacteria, or parasites.
Dysentery is an intestinal disease that is typically caused by certain bacteria and parasites. The symptoms are severe diarrhea that may be accompanied by blood and mucus. Water Borne Diseases.
Cholera is an acute infection. And it is caused by the bacteria Vibrios cholera, which may be found in water contaminated by human feces. The symptoms of cholera are severe diarrhea and can be fatal.
Water-borne microorganisms (protozoa) that cause gastrointestinal illnesses including diarrhea and vomiting. These tiny pathogens are found in surface water sources like reservoirs, lakes, and rivers.
Fluorosis is a disease caused by the consumption of excess fluoride. Fluorosis can cause bone and teeth damage.
It is liver inflammation commonly caused by one of five viruses called hepatitis A, B, C, D, and E. Transmission of hepatitis A and E.By the use of contaminated water Hapatitis A&E are transmitted.
Hookworm is a parasitic worm that infects the small intestine. Severe can result in anemia and stunted growth in children. The larvae of Hookworm enter the body through the skin, often via the feet. Spread by poor sanitary conditions, hookworms infect about one billion people worldwide per annum. Water Borne Diseases.
The reason for Jaundice is due to excess bile pigments in the blood. The liver ceases to function and the eyes turn yellow, patient feels weakness and fatigue.
It is a dangerous bacterial disease as a Water Borne Disease and is often spread by the use of contaminated water or by food prepared with contaminated water.
Prevention of water borne diseases:
Water-borne diseases can be prevented by taking the following measures:
1. Drinking water must be properly treated and purified.
2. There must be adequate sanitary disposal of sewage. Any type of waste must not be thrown directly in water.
3. Chemical contamination can cause acute illness, but often toxic contaminants are slow poisons. There must be strict control over the use of pesticides and other chemicals.
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