The ammonia or ammonia is basically a chemical compound of chemical formula NH3.
- 1 Features
- 2 Properties
- 3 What is ammonia for?
- 4 How do you get it?
- 5 Production
- 6 Ammonia cooling systems
- 7 Advantages
- 8 How does ammonia work in the body?
Features of ammonia
- Ammonia is a chemical compound whose chemical formula is NH3
- It is a colorless gas
- It has a strong smell
- It is very toxic and dangerous to health.
- It dissolves very well in water.
- It is used in the fertilizer process
- Used in the production of softeners, detergents and other cleaning products.
Ammonia is a colorless gas , but with a strong characteristic smell . It contributes to the nutritional needs of the organism by being a precursor of food and fertilizers.
This same element is also very important in the pharmaceutical and cleaning products industry.
When we study chemistry, ammonia is always present as an element that exists in nature.
Among the main characteristics of this gas is the strong smell and the danger that it presents, since it is a very toxic gas .
Another property of ammonia is that it dissolves very well in water .
But it is not only in the form of gas that we can find ammonia as we said before, but it also forms ammonium hydroxide (NH4OH) when dissolved in water.
What is ammonia used for?
It serves as raw material for many processes. For example:
- Production of fertilizers such as ammonium sulfate, ammonium nitrate, urea and ammonium phosphate.
- Fiber production: like nylon.
- Plastics production
- Production of explosives: nitric acid
- Chemical products: as detergents and softeners.
As we can see that ammonia is used in many ways, either in a gaseous or liquid state.
Many products in the cosmetic sector are manufactured with ammonia, such as straightening and dyeing hair.
Some experts report that the use of these substances is harmful to health, however, ANVISA proposes a safe percentage of the compound for which it does not harm.
However, women should avoid using straighteners and tinctures with ammonia during pregnancy, as they can influence the healthy development of the fetus.
How is it obtained?
Ammonia is the result of an ammonia bubble (NH3) in the water through a reaction . Therefore, ammonium hydroxide is actually an aqueous solution.
This mixture in commerce is known as ammonia used in various processes.
Ammonia is also used as a refrigerant gas. In this way we can see the importance of ammonia.
A small amount of ammonia is formed when organic matter decomposes , so that the gas can be found naturally in the Earth’s atmosphere.
Most of the ammonia that is used is produced artificially , joining the nitrogen and hydrogen atoms to the force. Then the gas can be pressurized to form a liquid that facilitates the distribution of manufacturing plants.
Ammonia cooling systems
Ammonia refrigeration systems consist of a series of interconnected containers and pipes that compress and pump the refrigerant to one or more environments to cool or freeze at a specific temperature. Its complexity varies greatly depending on the size of the environment.
As a gas, this substance is lighter than air , so it does not accumulate indoors as with other dangerous gases such as propane.
Although ammonia has a pungent and distinctive smell, it is difficult to ignite it unless it is highly concentrated .
This makes it safer than other household chemicals because most people will recognize the smell and avoid touching the product or inhaling its vapors.
How does ammonia work in the body?
When ammonia enters the body in the process of breathing, swallowing or contact with the skin, it reacts with water producing ammonium hydroxide.
This chemical is very corrosive and damages the body’s cells in contact with it.
As gaseous ammonia is lighter than air, it does not usually settle in low areas
. However, in the presence of moisture, ammonia can form vapors heavier than air. These vapors can spread on the ground or in other low areas.