What is folic acid for?
What is folic acid for?Folate is a type of B vitamin that is commonly found in foods such as dried grains, peas, lentils, oranges.
Whole wheat products, liver, asparagus, beetroot, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, and spinach.
Folic acid helps the body produce and maintain new cells, and it helps prevent changes in the DNA that may lead to cancer.
It is used as a medicine to treat folate deficiency and some types of anemia – a lack of red blood cells – caused by a folate deficiency.
It is sometimes used with other medications to treat pernicious anemia.
Folic acid does not treat a vitamin B12 deficiency or prevent any potential damage to the spinal cord.
Take all medications as directed.
Do not use this medication if you have ever had an allergic reaction to folic acid.
Tell your doctor if you have kidney disease – or if you are on dialysis – or an infection,
If you are addicted to alcohol, or if you suffer from anemia that has not been diagnosed and confirmed by laboratory tests.
Ask your doctor about taking folic acid while pregnant or breastfeeding.
Before taking medication
Do not take this medicine if you have previously had any allergic reaction to folic acid.
You may need a dose adjustment or special checks if you have any of the following:
- Kidney disease, or if you are undergoing dialysis.
- Hemolytic anemia.
- Pernicious anemia.
- Anemia that was not diagnosed by a doctor and confirmed by laboratory tests.
- If you are addicted to alcohol.
According to the Food and Drug Administration, folic acid is not expected to harm an unborn baby if used during pregnancy, and you may need to increase the dose.
Your dose needs may also be different if you are breastfeeding. Ask your doctor about using it while breastfeeding.
How to take folic acid?
Take folic acid exactly according to your doctor’s prescription. Avoid increasing the dose or taking the medication for longer than recommended.
Follow the directions that came with the medicine.
Take it with a full glass of water.
Your doctor may change your dose to make sure you get the best results.
Store folic acid at room temperature, away from moisture and heat.
What happens if you miss a dose?
Take the missed dose as soon as you remember. If it is almost time for your next dose, wait until you have taken the next dose and skip the missed dose.
Do not take a double dose to make up for a forgotten dose.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Seek emergency medical care if you think you have taken too much of this medicine.
Overdose symptoms may include numbness, tingling, or pain in the mouth or tongue, tiredness, fatigue, restlessness, or problems with concentration.
What should be avoided?
Follow your doctor’s instructions regarding food, beverage, or activity restrictions.
Side effects of folic acid
Seek emergency medical help if you develop symptoms of an allergic reaction to folic acid, such as hives, trouble breathing, or swelling of the face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Less serious side effects include:
- Nausea and loss of appetite.
- Flatulence and gas.
- Feeling of a bitter or unpleasant taste in your mouth.
- Sleep disturbance.
- Feeling agitated or irritable.
This list is not complete as other side effects may occur. Consult your physician for more information on side effects.
Information regarding folic acid doses:
Usual adult dose for megaloblastic anemia:
1 mg, orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily. It may be continued until the clinical symptoms of folate deficiency and blood diseases have cured.
Usual adult dose for folate deficiency:
400–800 micrograms, orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily.
The dose for women of childbearing age and pregnant and lactating women is 800 micrograms orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily.
Usual Pediatric Dose for Folic Acid Deficiency:
0.1 milligram (mg) orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily.
1 milligram, orally, intramuscular, subcutaneous, or pink, once daily.
From 1 to 10 years:
0.1–0.4 mg, orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily.
Older than 10 years:
0.5 milligram (mg) orally, intramuscularly, subcutaneously, or intravenously, once daily.
What medications may interfere with folic acid?
The doses of other medicines that you take while taking it may need to be adjusted. Tell your doctor about any medicines you use, especially:
- Phenytoin (Dilantin).
- Methotrexate (Rumatrex, Trexall).
- Nitrofurantoin (Macrodantin, Macrobid).
- Pyrimethamine (Daraprim).
- Barbiturates, such as butarbital (Butisol), secobarbital (Seconal), pentobarbital (Nimbutal), or phenobarbital (Sulfoton).
- Treatments for convulsions, such as phenytoin (Dilantin) or primidone (Mysoline).
This is not a complete list of drugs that may interfere with folic acid. Tell your doctor about all of the medicines you take.
Including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, herbal products, and medicines that have been prescribed by other doctors.
Do not start taking a new medicine without telling your doctor.
Keep all medicines out of the reach of children, do not share your medicines with others, and use the medicine only for the medicinal purposes prescribed.
Consult your health care provider to verify that the information in this leaflet is compatible with youl situation.
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