Nuclear Power Plant near me:
Nuclear Power Plant near me is briefly discussed here that how it works and what are its principles ?
Installation of electricity production:
Installation of electricity production using so – called nuclear, present in the nuclei of . This energy comes from the (one of the four known forces, or interactions, of the , along with , the electromagnetic force, and the ). This force ensures the cohesion of the nuclei of the atoms.
Two principles exist to recover a – small – part of it:
The destruction, orof a heavy nucleus ( , ), or the of a very light element ( or one of its , deuterium or tritium).
Fission is used in atomic bombs (“A bombs”) and in nuclear power plants.
Fusion is used in hydrogen bombs (“H bombs”), also called thermonuclear.
Fusion is also the source of theof the and . We are trying to develop its operation in future power stations. The program ( International Thermonuclear Experimental Reactor ) is part of this research.
Operation of a nuclear power plant:
A conventional nuclear power plant contains one or more nuclear reactors, where energy is produced, in the initial form of heat, and a set of systems ensuring the conversion of this heat into electricity.
In the reactor, once the reaction has started, it is self-sustaining because the broken nuclei emitwhich break up the neighboring nuclei.
This is the ”“, which is mastered by descending control bars ( ) which absorb some of the neutrons. The conversion of the heat produced into electricity is carried out in the same way (in principle) as in a or . Heating the water produces steam that turns a turbine, which generates electricity.The yield varies between 30 and 40%.
The electrical powers produced are often of the order of 1,000 megawatts. In France, the production units (or units) are standardized, producing 900 MWe ( e for electricity), 1,300 MWe or 1,450 MWe.
The power stations are distinguished by many technical choices: the(natural or enriched uranium, plutonium), the moderator (the fluid which maintains the reaction in the core, which can be ordinary or ), the (water, pressurized water, heavy water, , ). The water circuit can be single or double.
Today, the most widely used technique is pressurized water, or PWR ( Pressurized Water Reactor ), withwater as a moderator and as a coolant. The fuel is enriched uranium.
The whole process leads to the production of, one tenth of which has long-lived , which requires complex treatment and storage.
Read it also: