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What is the definition of empirical evidence?

Empirical evidence?

What is the definition of empirical evidence?


Definition for empirical evidence:

Definition for Empirical evidence
Empirical evidence

Definition for Empirical evidence is information gained by observation or testing. Where scientists record and analyze this data. This process is an essential part of the scientific method.

scientific method:

Scientists begin the scientific method with the stage of forming questions or hypotheses, and then acquiring knowledge through observations and experiments in order to support or refute a certain theory, and what is meant by experimental: it is based on the basis of observation or experience according to the dictionary .

Empirical research is the process of finding empirical evidence, and empirical data is the information obtained through the research process.

Before collecting any part of the experimental data, scientists carefully design their research methods to ensure the accuracy, quality and integrity of the data, and if there is an imbalance in the way in which the experimental data is collected the research will not be considered valid.

Often the scientific method involves laboratory experiments that are repeated over and over again, so that through these experiments we can obtain quantitative data in the form of numbers and statistics. However, this is not the only process used to gather information to support or disprove a theory.

Types of experimental research:

Jamie Tanner, professor of biology at Marlborough College in Vermont, says: Empirical evidence includes measurements or data collected through direct observation or experimentation. There are two research methods used to collect measurements and experimental data: qualitative and quantitative.

Qualitative research:

It is often used in the social sciences, examining the causes behind human behavior (according to the University of Oklahoma). It includes data that can be found using the human senses. This type of research is often done at the beginning of an experiment.

Quantitative research:

Quantitative research includes the methods that are used to collect numerical data and analyze it using statistical methods (according to the University of Information Technology in Copenhagen). Quantitative numerical data can be any data that uses measurements, including mass and dimensions or volume (according to Midwestern University in Texas).

This type of research is often used at the end of an experiment to refine and test previous research.

Identify experimental evidence:

It can sometimes be difficult to locate empirical evidence in another researcher’s experiment. But there are a few things one can look for when determining if the evidence is experimental, for example:

  •  Can the experiment be repeated and tested?
  •  Is the experiment a statement explaining the method, tools and controls used?
  •  Is there a definition of the group or phenomena under study?


The aim of science is to obtain experimental data that have been collected through observation, experience and experimentation without bias. The strength of any scientific research rests on the ability to collect and analyze experimental data in the most neutral and rigorous way. This is because they are human and subject to error.

Experimental data is often collected by several scientists who independently replicate experiments. This also protects scientists who deviate from the stated research criteria unconsciously, or in rare cases consciously, which can skew the results.

The recording of experimental data is also crucial in the scientific method, as science can only advance if data is shared and analyzed. A peer review of the experimental data is essential to avoid scientific errors.

Experimental law versus scientific law:

Experimental laws and scientific laws are often the same. Peter Cobinger, Associate Professor of Biology and Biomedical Engineering at Rose Holman Institute of Technology, told Live Science that

Empirical, anecdotal and logical evidence:

The empirical, anecdotal and rational evidence should not be confused. They are separate types of evidence that can be used to try to prove or disprove an idea or claim.

Logical evidence is used to prove or disprove an idea using logic. Inferential reasoning can be used to arrive at a conclusion to provide logical evidence.

 For example:

Anecdotal or anecdotal evidence consists of the experiences of a person who was asked to prove or disprove a point. For example, many people have told stories of being kidnapped by aliens to prove the existence of aliens. Often, this anecdotal evidence cannot be proven or disproved.

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